Representation of the Environment in Ahmad Tohari's Work of Fiction
M.pd., M.th. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
This study aims to describe the forms and forms of the environment represented in Ahmad Tohari's fiction and the environmental representation in the fiction. The data sources for this research are Ahmad Tohari's seven fiction works (1) The Dome, (2) At the Foot of the Cibalak Hill, (3) the Land Circle and the Water Circle, (4) Ronggeng Hamlet Paruk, (5) Early Morning Latitude, (6) Jantera Ferris wheel, and (7) Project People. Data collection with reading and note techniques. Data validity is in the form of semantic validity, data reliability is carried out through intrareter and intereter. Data were analyzed by qualitative descriptive analysis. The results of the study show that Ahmad Tohari's fictional works represent many of the living environments that exist in their environment. In his fictions, Ahmad Tohari represents the environment in the background elements, story characters, and novel titles. In the background of the story, fertility and the variety of plants that grow as well as small animals that usually live in the countryside and forests are well told. The author describes the setting of the place, the forest environment around the Cibawor River, the Cigobang forest environment, the mouth of the Citandui River, Cibalak Hill, Tanggir Village, as well as Paruk Hamlet where various types of plants and animals live in the hamlet environment. Representation of the environment through the name of a character, for example the name Srintil, in the Banyumas area, 'srintil' is a type of tobacco that has a fairly high economic value compared to other types of tobacco. 'Srintil' tobacco can have high economic value if it is cared for properly, the leaves are green and not damaged by plant pests. The representation through the title can be seen in the novels Di Kaki Bukit Cibalak, Ronggeng Dukuh Paruk, Lintang Kemukus Dini Hari, and Jantera Bianglala. The representation of the environment in Ahmad Tohari's fiction serves as a symbol as well as to add an aesthetic element and convey the message of the need to protect the environment.